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Zanesville Historical Society
(The Pioneer and Historical Society of Muskingum County)

The Dr. Increase Mathews House
304 Woodlawn Ave.
Zanesville, OH 43701

The Stone Academy
115 Jefferson Street
Zanesville, OH 43701

The Dr. Increase Mathews House
By Appointment Only

The Stone Academy
Tuesday through Friday
12 noon to 4pm
740-454-9500


The Pioneer and Historical Society of Muskingum County, chartered in 1890, preserves the history of Muskingum County in two museums.

The Dr. Increase Mathews House, 304 Woodlawn Avenue, is located in the Putnam Historic District of Zanesville.  Dr. Increase Mathews, an early medical doctor in Zanesville, purchased land across the Muskingum River from Zanesville in 1801.  The land purchase was made possible by financial help from his uncle, General Rufus Putnam and his cousin, Levi Whipple.  In 1805, Dr. Mathews built a single story sandstone house on his land.  The kitchen, with its large double fireplace, was in the basement.  Dr. Mathews lived in the stone cottage for fifty--one years.  The house was enlarged in 1884 by the addition of two stories to the sandstone cottage.  The home stated in the Mathews family for some years.  In 1970, Mrs. F.F. (Dorothea Guthrie) Frazier gave it to the Pioneer and Historical Society.  Visitors can see historic room settings, exhibits about area military history, Muskingum River history, and displays of quilts, local glass, and pottery.  The Dr. Increase Mathews House museum is open by appointment.

The Stone Academy, 115 Jefferson Street, houses the Pioneer and Historical Society office and archives.  Constructed of sandstone quarried from nearby Putnam Hill, the Stone Academy dates to 1809.  Citizens of Putnam erected the building to lure the statehouse from Chillicothe.  However, when Zanesville was chosen as Ohio's Capital the following year, the Stone Academy was used for public functions and as a school.  The Ohio Antislavery Society held its state conventions here in 1835 and 1839, with prominent abolitionist leader Theodore Weld, among others, in attendance.  The Stone Academy became a private residence after 1839.  In the 1870's, it was the childhood home of Elizabeth Robins, the famed late nineteenth and early-twentieth century actress, author and activist.  Mrs. Richard (Lydia McHenry) Taylor willed the Stone Academy to the Pioneer and Historical Society in 1983.  The building is a museum featuring exhibits of local historic documents, period clothing, fine art, furniture, and special exhibits.

The Pioneer and Historical Society office and Stone Academy Museum are open Tuesday through Friday, 12 noon to 4:00 p.m.  The telephone number is 740-454-9500.